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When did chugurma appear in Khorezm?

A small terracotta figurine of a horseman discovered during excavations at the Toprak-Kala site of the Khazarasp region, sheds light on the history of the traditional headdress of Khorezm men called chugurma.

This rider is a man, depicted on a horse, with an arrow on his shoulder and chugurma on his head.‌‌

The figurine dates back to 6th–4th centuries BCE, which suggests that in ancient Khorezm chugurma was already known as a popular headgear. It is known that the Khorezm people wore this sheepskin hat both in summer and in winter, because it equally protected both from the cold and from the heat. This fact is confirmed by photographs taken in the late 19th – early 20th centuries.

For example, one photograph shot by Khudaibergen Devanov at the end of the 19th century in the summer season, depicting the Khiva bazaar, shows barefoot men with chugurma on their heads.

You can learn more about the topic in the book-album "The Collection of the Ichan-Kala State Museum-Reserve" (Volume XLVII) in the series "Сultural legacy of Uzbekistan in the world collections".

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When did chugurma appear in Khorezm?